Here is an overview of the process: When deciding how to cite your source, start by consulting the list of core elements.
These are the general pieces of information that MLA suggests including in each Works Cited entry.
In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order: Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here.
Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication, and required punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses, and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler (just commas and periods separate the elements), and information about the source is kept to the basics.
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ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
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Kenzie, Susan Wegener, Maryam Ghafoor, Purdue OWL Staff Last Edited: 2016-09-12 The following overview should help you better understand how to cite sources using MLA eighth edition, including the list of works cited and in-text citations.
Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in MLA.
See also our MLA vidcast series on the Purdue OWL You Tube Channel.
MLA has turned to a style of documentation that is based on a general method that may be applied to every possible source, to many different types of writing.
In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public.
If there is more than one publisher, and they are all are relevant to your research, list them in your citation, separated by a forward slash (/).
: the publisher’s name need not be included in the following sources: periodicals, works published by their author or editor, a Web cite whose title is the same name as its publisher, a Web cite that makes works available but does not actually publish them (such as ).
Begin the entry with the author’s last name, followed by a comma and the rest of the name, as presented in the work. *The eighth edition handbook recommends including URLs when citing online sources.
For more information, see the “Optional Elements” section below.
Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to containers, which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container.
The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
But since texts have become increasingly mobile, and the same document may be found in several different sources, following a set of fixed rules is no longer sufficient.