Analogy in writing essays

Some of what you experience seems to evaporate--like words that go missing when you turn off your computer without hitting SAVE.

But other short-term memories go through a molecular process called consolidation: they're downloaded onto the hard drive. By its nature, an analogy offers a simplified view of an idea or process—an illustration rather than a detailed examination.

These long-term memories, filled with past loves and losses and fears, stay dormant until you call them up. Despite certain similarities, an analogy is not the same as a metaphor.

As Bradford Stull observes in (Longman, 2002), the analogy "is a figure of language that expresses a set of like relationships among two sets of terms.

In essence, the analogy does not claim total identification, which is the property of the metaphor.

It should clearly express the subject of the essay as well as the writer’s position.

While it is generally not required, previewing the main points shows readers that the paper has been thoughtfully composed rather than free formed.

When I teach persuasive writing, we often devote the entire first week to the introductory paragraph because I believe that if a student can write a good introductory paragraph, then he or she can write a strong persuasive essay.

Every introductory paragraph should begin with an attention catcher.

The term refers to all paragraphs after the introduction and before the conclusion.

It claims a You might show, in writing a comparison and contrast, how San Francisco is quite unlike Boston in history, climate, and predominant life-styles, but like it in being a seaport and a city proud of its own (and neighboring) colleges. In an analogy you yoke together two unlike things (eye and camera, the task of navigating a spacecraft and the task of sinking a putt), and all you care about is their major similarities..) That said, in the hands of a talented writer, an extended analogy can be illuminating.

See, for example, Robert Benchley's comic analogy involving writing and ice skating in "Advice to Writers."Whether it takes a few sentences or an entire essay to develop an analogy, we should be careful not to push it too far.

As we've seen, just because two subjects have one or two points in common doesn't mean that they are the same in other respects as well.

When Homer Simpson says to Bart, "Son, a woman is a lot like a refrigerator," we can be fairly certain that a breakdown in logic will follow.

And sure enough: "They're about six feet tall, 300 pounds.

nothing, that is true," wrote Sigmund Freud, "but they can make one feel more at home." In this article, we examine the characteristics of effective analogies and consider the value of using analogies in our writing.

As defined in our glossary, an analogy is "reasoning or explaining from parallel cases." Put another way, an analogy is a comparison between two different things in order to highlight some point of similarity.

As Freud suggested, an analogy won't settle an argument, but a good one may help to clarify the issues.

In the following example of an effective analogy, science writer Claudia Kalb relies on the computer to explain how our brains process memories: Some basic facts about memory are clear.

Your short-term memory is like the RAM on a computer: it records the information in front of you right now.

A five-paragraph persuasive essay should have three main points and each main points should support the thesis of the essay.

Topic sentences clearly state the purpose of the paragraph.

Each body paragraph should begin with a topic sentence.

A topic sentence may or may not restate your thesis or position but always should state the paragraph’s central argument.

The goals of a persuasive essay are somewhat opposite to that of a mystery novel: when writing a persuasive essay do not attempt to build suspense by keeping secrets from the reader.

correct way to write these essays, this page will show you some good practices to consider when learning how to write a persuasive essay.

Here is a brief overview of the contents on this page.

I suggest that you start at the beginning, but if you’re looking for something specific, click the links below to hop around this page: Introductory Paragraphs Attention Catchers Thesis Preview of Main Points Body Paragraphs Main Points Topic Sentences Supporting Details Making the Connection Concluding Paragraphs Restatement of Points Clinching Statements The introductory paragraph is the first-paragraph in the persuasive essay.

I teach my students that their introductory paragraphs should have three parts: an attention-catcher, a thesis, and a preview.

The introductory paragraph is perhaps the most important paragraph in the essay because it is the first and possibly last chance to make an impact on the reader.

The metaphor that comes to mind most often in describing this structure is the sandwich: the introductory and concluding paragraphs represent slices of bread while the body paragraphs are the meat and cheese of the essay, so to speak.

There are three body paragraphs in a five paragraph persuasive essay.

Examples and Characteristics of Effective Analogies